Substance Abuse

Multidimensional Family Therapy (MDFT) is supported by over 30 years of research and has been widely recognized as an effective intervention for adolescent substance abuse by governments and independent organizations across the globe.

SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) rated the quality of MDFT evidence a 3.8 out of 4 on recovery from substance use, and MDFT was the only adolescent intervention chosen for their Comparative Effectiveness Research Series. MDFT was also the only treatment rated by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) as beneficial for cannabis users.

MDFT has also been been vetted by the Netherlands Youth Institute, the Swiss Office of Public Health, and the Early Intervention Foundation of the UK.


  1. Liddle, H. A., Dakof, G. A., Turner, R. M., Henderson, C. E., & Greenbaum, P. E. (2008). Treating adolescent drug abuse: A randomized trial comparing Multidimensional Family Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Addiction,103, 1660-1670. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02274.x
  2. Liddle, H. A., Rowe, C. L., Henderson, C. E., Dakof, G. A., & Ungaro, R. A. (2004). Early intervention for adolescent substance abuse: Pretreatment to posttreatment outcomes of a randomized controlled trial comparing Multidimensional Family Therapy and peer group treatment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 36(1), 49-63. doi: 10.1080/02791072.2004.10399723
  3. Liddle, H. A., Rowe, C. L., Dakof, G. A., Henderson, C. & Greenbaum, P. (2009). Multidimensional Family Therapy for early adolescent substance abusers: Twelve month outcomes of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(1), 12-25. doi: 10.1037/a0014160
  4. Rigter, H., Henderson, C., Pelc, I., Tossmann, P., Phan, O., Hendriks, V., Schaub, M., & Rowe, C. L. (2013). Multidimensional Family Therapy lowers the rate of cannabis dependence in adolescents: A randomized controlled trial in Western European outpatient settings. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 130(1-3):85-93. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.10.013
  5. Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2002). Holistic therapy preferable for troubled teensDrug and Alcohol Findings Magazine, 7, 13.